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Information on the Biewer Terrier

History of the breed

BiewerThe Biewer Terrier (pronounced Beeva), originally named Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a La Pom Pon, is a German tri-coloured variation of the Yorkshire Terrier. 

In 1984, German Yorkshire Terrier breeders Werner & Gertrude Biewer, who had been breeding and showing yorkies for 20 years, found themselves with their first tri-coloured Yorkshire Terrier puppy. The parents to this piebald Yorkshire Terrier were Darling Von Friedheck and Fru Fru von Friedheck, both purebred Yorkshire Terrier of show lines. The piebald puppy was named Schneeflocken von Freidheck. 

Through selective breeding, Mr and Mrs Biewer produced more piebald Yorkshire Terriers, which were not accepted as show and breeding colours of the Yorkshire Terrier. Unhappy at not being able to show and breed this beautiful tri-coloured Yorkshire Terrier, Mr and Mrs Biewer decided to change the name and have it accepted as a new breed, then known as the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a La Pom Pon. They created new breed standards, which were to be different from the Yorkshire Terrier breed standards. The breed standards for the Biewer terrier, according to Mr and Mrs Biewer are as follows: 

Gertrud and Weerener BiewerThe dog needs to have a weight of 4-8 lbs. The length of the body should be slightly longer than the height, although a square body is accepted. The head should show blue or black, gold or tan, and white. The saddle should be blue or black and white. The saddle may have very little or a lot of white, but as long as some white is present. There should be no tan found on the back. The chest, legs, stomach and tip of the tail should be white. Small areas of brown may be found where the black turns to white on the legs and the base of the tail, although it is not prefered. The tail should never be docked. The ears should be shaved and erect. The breed name was later shortenned to Biewer Terrier.

It is important to note that there are differences between the Biewer Terrier and the Parti Yorkshire Terrier. Even though both have similar origins, both being piebald Yorkshire Terriers, the Parti Yorkshire Terrier is the American line of piebald Yorkshire Terriers. The Parti Yorkshire Terrier did not go through selective breeding to define a breed standard. There is no exact breed standard for the Parti Yorkshire Terrier, other than being an off-colour of the Yorkshire Terrier. The Parti Yorkshire Terrier can be registered, but it may not be shown in the ring. The tail of the Parti Yorkshire Terrier is usually docked.

Related Breeds

The Yorkshire Terrier made its debut in Yorkshire, England. In the mid-19th century, workers from Scotland came to Yorkshire and brought with them several small terrier breeds. Miners of the time wanted to develop a small ratting terrier. They mainly bred the Black-and-Tan Terrier with the Paisley Terrier and Clydesdale Terrier.

Huddersfield BenThe early Yorkshire terriers came in a variety of sizes, coats, and colourings. Anything in the shape of a Terrier with a long coat showing blue on the body and a fawn or silver coloured head and legs was accepted as a Yorkshire Terrier. The tail had to be docked, and the ears needed to be trimmed and erect. Some of these early Yorkshire Terriers reached sizes of 16-18 lbs and most of them had very coarse terrier hair.

In the late 1860s, breed standards were starting to emerge. It was decided that Yorkshire Terriers should be a small dog, weighing in at no more than 10 lbs. It was also decided that the saddle should be dark silver or blue. The head, legs and chest needed to be tan or gold. They kept the standard of the docked tail and the trimmed erect ears. 

From that point onwards, the breed kept changing and evolving, into what we now know as this tiny toy breed. Current standards ask that the Yorkshire Terrier’s size reach no more than 7 lbs. The hair should now be silky and very long. In order to gain the silkiness in the coat, it is believed that early breeders bred the Yorkshire Terrier with the Maltese, maintaining all aspects of the Yorkshire Terrier breed, but adding the very long silky coat.

traditionalAccording to the CKC, the current Yorkshire Terrier standards are as follows: 

The dainty dogs should not exceed 7 lb (3 kg) in weight. The long body coat is glossy, fine, silky and straight. Hair on the muzzle is very long. The coat is steel-blue in colour, with tan head and legs. Pups are born almost black but their coats clear to blue by a year of age. The tail is usually docked. In recent years, undocked tails have also been accepted and seen more commonly in show rings.

ChocolateThe Chocolate Yorkshire Terrier, also known as the Brown Yorkshire Terrier or the Red Yorkshire Terrier is another variation where the dog carries two recessive genes for a brown coat instead of black or blue. This gene variation also gives a liver coloured nose and paw pads. 

The Chocolate Yorkshire Terrier is not an accepted breed colour, and therefore may not be shown in the ring. That being said, the Chocolate Yorkshire Terrier can be registered in many Kennel Clubs.

BiroThe Biro Terrier originated in Germany, on December 1st 2004. Alisha vom WasserschloBchen, a Biewer Terrier, gave birth to a litter of four puppies. Three of which were black, tan and white, one of which was a brown, tan and white. This was the first documented case of the appearance of the Biro Terrier. Six weeks later, another kennel saw the birth of another brown Biewer Terrier. The mothers of each litter happened to be mother and daughter. In 2005, breeders of this brown Biewer Terrier, Birgit Rosner and Roberto Krah, decided to each take the first two letters of their given name, coining the new name, Biro Terrier. 

The Biro Terrier is again a non-standard colour, originating through some Biewer Terrier lines. The Biro Terrier can not be shown in the ring, but follows standards similar to those of the Biewer Terrier, where the black or blue is replaced by different shades of brown.

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